28c – Scott Residence – 1910 S Harvard Blvd – HCM-963

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28c – Scott Residence – 1910 S Harvard Blvd – HCM-963
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Image by Kansas Sebastian
28 – Linda Scott Residence. 1910 S Harvard Blvd. 1907. Frank M Tyler.

Los Angeles Historic Cultural Monument No. 963

Departing from his normal Transitional Victorian-Craftsman Style, F M Tyler created a mansion for Ms. Linda Scott with a Moorish façade, in 1910. The rooms of this residence are organized close to a central foyer with a center staircase descending in the middle of the space from an open gallery. On the south are a feminine parlor and library on the north is a masculine study and opulent dining space. Entry to the support area is from a door hidden behind the staircase. The arrangement is meant to impress, and it does!

West Adams Heights

“Nowadays we scarcely observe the high stone gates which mark the entrances on Hobart, Harvard, and Oxford streets, south of Washington Boulevard. For one issue, the traffic is too hefty, too swift and then, yet again, the gates have been obscured by intrusions of shops and shops. At the base of the stone pillars seems the inscription “West Adams Heights.” There was a time when these entranceways had been formidable and haughty, for they marked the methods to one particular of the initial elite residential areas in Los Angeles. . . In the unplanned early-day chaos of Los Angeles, West Adams Heights was clearly some thing quite particular, an island in an ocean of bungalows—approachable, but withdrawn and reclusive—one of the number of surviving examples of planned urban elegance of the flip of the century.”

– Carey McWilliams, “The Evolution of Sugar Hill,” Script, March, 1949: 30.

Right now West Adams Heights is still certainly anything unique. The previous sixty many years, nevertheless, have not been type. In 1963 the Santa Monica Freeway lower through the heart of West Adams Heights, dividing the community, obscuring its continuity. In the 1970’s the city paved above the red brick streets and removed the ornate street lighting. Soon after the neighborhood’s zoning was transformed to a higher density, overzealous developers claimed several mansions for apartment buildings. Regardless of these issues, nevertheless, “The Heights,” as the region was as soon as known, has managed to regain some of its former elegance.

The West Adams Heights tract was laid out in 1902, in what was then a wheat discipline on the western edge of town. Though the freeway now generates an artificial barrier, the authentic neighborhood boundaries have been Adams Boulevard, La Salle Ave, Washington Boulevard, and Western Avenue. Pricey enhancements had been integrated into the growth, such as 75-food wide boulevards (which were some of the very first contoured streets not to adhere to the city grid), tons elevated from the sidewalk, ornate street lighting, and big granite monuments with red-brass electroliers at the entrance to each street. These upgrades enhanced the lot values, which helped ensure the tract would be an enclave for the elite.

1 early actual estate ad characterized the neighborhood stating: “West Adams Heights demands no introduction to the public: it is already recognized as currently being far superior to any other tract. Its high and somewhat place, its lovely see of the city and mountains make t a property unequaled by any other in the city.”

The early residents’ were required to sign a detailed restrictive covenant. This hand-written document needed home owners to develop a “first-class residence,” of at least two stories, costing no less than two-thousand bucks (at a time when a respectable house could be constructed for a quarter of that sum, which includes the land), and created no much less than thirty-five feet from the property’s primary boundary. Frequent in early twentieth century, another clause excluded residents from selling or leasing their properties to non-Caucasians.

By the mid 1930’s, however, most of the restrictions had expired. Among 1938 and 1945 numerous prominent African-Americans began to make “The Heights” their home. In accordance to Carey McWilliams, West Adams Heights grew to become known “Far and wide as the well-known Sugar Hill area of Los Angeles,” and enjoyed a clear preeminence over Washington’s intelligent Le Droit Park, St. Louis’s Enright Street, West Philadelphia, Chicago’s Westchester, and Harlem’s fabulous Sugar Hill.

West Adams Heights, now also identified as Sugar Hill, played a key role in the Civil Rights movement in Los Angeles. In 1938 Norman Houston, president of the Golden State Mutual Existence Insurance Business, and an African-American, bought a home at 2211 South Hobart Boulevard. Legal Action from eight house owners speedily ensued. During that period, other prominent African-Americans began to make Sugar Hill their house – like actress Hattie McDaniels, dentists John and Vada Summerville, actress Louise Beavers, band leader Johnny Otis, and performers Pearl Baily and Ethel Waters, and a lot of a lot more. On December six, 1945, the “Sugar Hill Cases” had been heard just before Judge Thurmond Clark, in LA Superior Court. He manufactured background by become the very first judge in America to use the 14th Amendment to disallow the enforcement of covenant race restrictions. The Los Angeles Sentinel quoted Judge Clark: “This court is of the view that it is time that [African-Americans] are accorded, with out reservations and evasions, the full rights guaranteed them beneath the 14th Amendment.” Steadily, above the last century men and women of virtually ever background have produced historic West Adams their home.

The northern finish of West Adams Heights is now protected as component of the Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ). The Historic West Adams area of Los Angeles (which includes West Adams Heights) boasts the highest concentration of flip-of-the-century houses west of the Mississippi, as nicely as the highest concentration of Nationwide Historic Landmarks, National Register of Historic Areas, National Historic Districts, State Historic Landmarks, Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Monuments, and Historic Preservation Overlay Zones in the city. The entirety of West Adams Heights need to be nominated as a National Register Historic District, for the good quality of residences, the prominence of the architects, notoriety of the men and women who lived in the neighborhood, and the part it played in civil rights.

Probably a quote adapted from a fireplace mantle in the Frederick Rindge mansion ideal symbolizes the optimism which exists in West Adams: “California Shall be Ours as Long as the Stars Remain.”

30a 2200 S Hobart Blvd (E)
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Picture by Kansas Sebastian
30 – 1930’s Residence – 2200 S Hobart Blvd – 1935

A splashy article appeared in LA Herald on March 13, 1904, announcing that William T S Hammond had bought two tons on the Southwest corner of 22nd Street and Hobart Blvd, and intended to enhance the residence “with a handsome residence in maintaining with the Rindge mansion and other residences in the exact same segment.” Nonetheless, Hammond elected not to build in West Adams Heights, rather in Westmoreland Location (demolished). The cause is unclear. Many of his organization associates lived in WAH, like Insurance coverage mogul George Cochran and banking icon Stoddard Jess. W T S Hammond was elected cashier of the 1st National Financial institution in 1902. He’d worked 18 many years at the institution, starting at the age of twenty, and worked his way up the ranks to the cashier place. Even then, he was the youngest cashier in the city. The two lots remained unimproved right up until a house was built on the corner good deal in 1935 in a subdued Normandy design. The other whole lot seems to have remained empty till 2001, when an apartment constructing was eventually constructed.

West Adams Heights

“Nowadays we scarcely recognize the high stone gates which mark the entrances on Hobart, Harvard, and Oxford streets, south of Washington Boulevard. For 1 issue, the traffic is also hefty, also swift and then, once again, the gates have been obscured by intrusions of stores and stores. At the base of the stone pillars seems the inscription “West Adams Heights.” There was a time when these entranceways were formidable and haughty, for they marked the methods to 1 of the first elite residential regions in Los Angeles. . . In the unplanned early-day chaos of Los Angeles, West Adams Heights was clearly something really particular, an island in an ocean of bungalows—approachable, but withdrawn and reclusive—one of the handful of surviving examples of planned urban elegance of the turn of the century.”

– Carey McWilliams, “The Evolution of Sugar Hill,” Script, March, 1949: 30.

These days West Adams Heights is still naturally something particular. The previous sixty years, nonetheless, have not been type. In 1963 the Santa Monica Freeway reduce by way of the heart of West Adams Heights, dividing the neighborhood, obscuring its continuity. In the 1970’s the city paved in excess of the red brick streets and removed the ornate street lighting. Following the neighborhood’s zoning was changed to a higher density, overzealous developers claimed many mansions for apartment buildings. Regardless of these difficulties, however, “The Heights,” as the region was when recognized, has managed to regain some of its former elegance.

The West Adams Heights tract was laid out in 1902, in what was then a wheat discipline on the western edge of town. Despite the fact that the freeway now creates an artificial barrier, the authentic community boundaries have been Adams Boulevard, La Salle Ave, Washington Boulevard, and Western Avenue. Expensive improvements have been integrated into the advancement, this kind of as 75-food wide boulevards (which had been some of the initial contoured streets not to stick to the city grid), tons elevated from the sidewalk, ornate street lighting, and large granite monuments with red-brass electroliers at the entrance to each and every street. These upgrades enhanced the great deal values, which aided make certain the tract would be an enclave for the elite.

One early true estate ad characterized the community stating: “West Adams Heights wants no introduction to the public: it is already recognized as being far superior to any other tract. Its high and somewhat area, its gorgeous view of the city and mountains make t a house unequaled by any other in the city.”

The early residents’ have been needed to signal a in depth restrictive covenant. This hand-written document necessary home owners to build a “first-class residence,” of at least two stories, costing no significantly less than two-thousand bucks (at a time when a respectable residence could be created for a quarter of that quantity, which includes the land), and built no less than thirty-five feet from the property’s principal boundary. Widespread in early twentieth century, one more clause excluded residents from selling or leasing their properties to non-Caucasians.

By the mid 1930’s, however, most of the restrictions had expired. Among 1938 and 1945 a lot of prominent African-Americans began to make “The Heights” their house. According to Carey McWilliams, West Adams Heights became known “Far and wide as the famous Sugar Hill area of Los Angeles,” and appreciated a clear preeminence over Washington’s intelligent Le Droit Park, St. Louis’s Enright Street, West Philadelphia, Chicago’s Westchester, and Harlem’s fabulous Sugar Hill.

West Adams Heights, now also recognized as Sugar Hill, played a key part in the Civil Rights motion in Los Angeles. In 1938 Norman Houston, president of the Golden State Mutual Life Insurance coverage Organization, and an African-American, obtained a property at 2211 South Hobart Boulevard. Legal Action from eight property owners swiftly ensued. During that time period, other prominent African-Americans started to make Sugar Hill their property – including actress Hattie McDaniels, dentists John and Vada Summerville, actress Louise Beavers, band leader Johnny Otis, and performers Pearl Baily and Ethel Waters, and several more. On December six, 1945, the “Sugar Hill Cases” were heard before Judge Thurmond Clark, in LA Superior Court. He manufactured history by become the initial judge in America to use the 14th Amendment to disallow the enforcement of covenant race restrictions. The Los Angeles Sentinel quoted Judge Clark: “This court is of the viewpoint that it is time that [African-Americans] are accorded, with no reservations and evasions, the full rights assured them below the 14th Amendment.” Slowly, more than the last century people of practically ever background have manufactured historic West Adams their house.

The northern finish of West Adams Heights is now protected as portion of the Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ). The Historic West Adams region of Los Angeles (which includes West Adams Heights) boasts the highest concentration of flip-of-the-century properties west of the Mississippi, as nicely as the highest concentration of National Historic Landmarks, Nationwide Register of Historic Places, National Historic Districts, State Historic Landmarks, Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Monuments, and Historic Preservation Overlay Zones in the city. The entirety of West Adams Heights must be nominated as a Nationwide Register Historic District, for the good quality of residences, the prominence of the architects, notoriety of the folks who lived in the community, and the role it played in civil rights.

Possibly a quote adapted from a fireplace mantle in the Frederick Rindge mansion greatest symbolizes the optimism which exists in West Adams: “California Shall be Ours as Lengthy as the Stars Stay.”

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