18g – Matheson Residence – 2067 S Hobart Blvd – 1909 – Robert L Rohrig


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18g – Matheson Residence – 2067 S Hobart Blvd – 1909 – Robert L Rohrig
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Image by Kansas Sebastian
18 – John L &amp Mary A Matheson Residence. 2067 S Hobart Blvd. 1909, Robert L Rohrig, Builder: Los Angeles Planing Mill Company.

The Matheson Mansion is at the moment (2013) threatened by redevelopment. When West Adams Heights was included in the Harvard Heights HPOZ, this home was listed as a “Noncontributing Framework,” because it was assumed the façade had been remodeled far beyond its unique intent. In truth, aside from new windows and some minor elevation modifications it looks much as it did when constructed, according to community preservationists making an attempt to save the structure. The property suffered a devastating fire in the upper floors, when the elderly resident left a area heater unattended. Even worse, the house is even now spot zoned R4 (the designation for an apartment creating). Even however the unique fixtures and furnishings have been offered at auction, as the family prepared for the sale of the residence, the character of this impressive mansion nonetheless demonstrates by means of. Windows of stained artwork glass remain in the back of the residence, which are probably Judson Studio glass, as well as remnants of the authentic and in depth gardens, most-probably created by an skilled landscaper like A E Hanson. The smoke and water-damaged interior reveals a rich and nicely imagined-out layout of a master architect. Hopefully, a purchaser with a preservation mindset can be identified for this residence. John L Matheson was a merchant in early Los Angeles, dealing in men’s and women’s clothes and furnishings from a shop at 301-303 South Broadway.

West Adams Heights

“Nowadays we scarcely discover the substantial stone gates which mark the entrances on Hobart, Harvard, and Oxford streets, south of Washington Boulevard. For one particular thing, the traffic is also heavy, as well swift and then, again, the gates have been obscured by intrusions of outlets and merchants. At the base of the stone pillars seems the inscription “West Adams Heights.” There was a time when these entranceways had been formidable and haughty, for they marked the ways to one particular of the first elite residential places in Los Angeles. . . In the unplanned early-day chaos of Los Angeles, West Adams Heights was obviously one thing very unique, an island in an ocean of bungalows—approachable, but withdrawn and reclusive—one of the handful of surviving examples of planned urban elegance of the flip of the century.”

– Carey McWilliams, “The Evolution of Sugar Hill,” Script, March, 1949: 30.

Nowadays West Adams Heights is nevertheless clearly some thing special. The past sixty many years, however, have not been type. In 1963 the Santa Monica Freeway minimize via the heart of West Adams Heights, dividing the community, obscuring its continuity. In the 1970’s the city paved above the red brick streets and removed the ornate street lighting. Following the neighborhood’s zoning was altered to a larger density, overzealous developers claimed many mansions for apartment buildings. In spite of these difficulties, nonetheless, “The Heights,” as the region was as soon as identified, has managed to regain some of its former elegance.

The West Adams Heights tract was laid out in 1902, in what was then a wheat area on the western edge of town. Though the freeway now creates an artificial barrier, the unique neighborhood boundaries have been Adams Boulevard, La Salle Ave, Washington Boulevard, and Western Avenue. Costly enhancements have been integrated into the improvement, such as 75-food wide boulevards (which have been some of the first contoured streets not to comply with the city grid), tons elevated from the sidewalk, ornate street lighting, and big granite monuments with red-brass electroliers at the entrance to each street. These upgrades elevated the good deal values, which assisted make certain the tract would be an enclave for the elite.

One early true estate ad characterized the community stating: “West Adams Heights needs no introduction to the public: it is previously recognized as being far superior to any other tract. Its substantial and slightly area, its stunning see of the city and mountains make t a home unequaled by any other in the city.”

The early residents’ were needed to sign a thorough restrictive covenant. This hand-written document required home owners to create a “first-class residence,” of at least two stories, costing no much less than two-thousand dollars (at a time when a respectable residence could be created for a quarter of that amount, which includes the land), and developed no significantly less than thirty-5 feet from the property’s major boundary. Frequent in early twentieth century, another clause excluded residents from offering or leasing their properties to non-Caucasians.

By the mid 1930’s, nonetheless, most of the restrictions had expired. In between 1938 and 1945 several prominent African-Americans began to make “The Heights” their residence. In accordance to Carey McWilliams, West Adams Heights became recognized “Far and wide as the well-known Sugar Hill section of Los Angeles,” and loved a clear preeminence above Washington’s sensible Le Droit Park, St. Louis’s Enright Street, West Philadelphia, Chicago’s Westchester, and Harlem’s fabulous Sugar Hill.

West Adams Heights, now also identified as Sugar Hill, played a major role in the Civil Rights motion in Los Angeles. In 1938 Norman Houston, president of the Golden State Mutual Daily life Insurance coverage Company, and an African-American, obtained a residence at 2211 South Hobart Boulevard. Legal Action from eight home owners speedily ensued. Throughout that period, other prominent African-Americans began to make Sugar Hill their residence – including actress Hattie McDaniels, dentists John and Vada Summerville, actress Louise Beavers, band leader Johnny Otis, and performers Pearl Baily and Ethel Waters, and several a lot more. On December six, 1945, the “Sugar Hill Cases” had been heard ahead of Judge Thurmond Clark, in LA Superior Court. He produced history by grow to be the initial judge in America to use the 14th Amendment to disallow the enforcement of covenant race restrictions. The Los Angeles Sentinel quoted Judge Clark: “This court is of the viewpoint that it is time that [African-Americans] are accorded, without reservations and evasions, the full rights guaranteed them below the 14th Amendment.” Steadily, above the final century folks of almost ever background have created historic West Adams their residence.

The northern end of West Adams Heights is now protected as element of the Harvard Heights Historic Preservation Overlay Zone (HPOZ). The Historic West Adams area of Los Angeles (which contains West Adams Heights) boasts the highest concentration of turn-of-the-century properties west of the Mississippi, as well as the highest concentration of Nationwide Historic Landmarks, National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Districts, State Historic Landmarks, Los Angeles Cultural-Historic Monuments, and Historic Preservation Overlay Zones in the city. The entirety of West Adams Heights should be nominated as a Nationwide Register Historic District, for the high quality of residences, the prominence of the architects, notoriety of the individuals who lived in the community, and the role it played in civil rights.

Maybe a quote adapted from a fireplace mantle in the Frederick Rindge mansion ideal symbolizes the optimism which exists in West Adams: “California Shall be Ours as Lengthy as the Stars Remain.”

Queens Museum of Art | The Panorama of the City of New York | component of the stitched see from the west near the reduced tip of Manhattan, which includes Liberty Island and the Statue of Liberty
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Image by Chris Devers
A number of years in the past, I received to see a one:1500 scale model of London at the Creating Centre there. It is a large scale model of the heart of the city in 3 dimensions, with representations of most buildings, landmarks, parks, the Thames, and the (at the time however to be built) Olympic Park.

It truly is very extraordinary.

And it is as nothing at all compared to The Panorama at the Queens Museum of Artwork.

Here is two panorama images to give a sense of the scale:

view from the “west”
see from the ”south”

Quoting from the Museum’s webpage on the The Panorama of the City of New York:

The Panorama is the jewel in the crown of the collection of the Queens Museum of Art. Built by Robert Moses for the 1964 World’s Fair, in component as a celebration of the City’s municipal infrastructure, this 9,335 square foot architectural model involves every single building constructed prior to 1992 in all five boroughs that is a complete of 895,000 individual structures.

The Panorama was developed by a staff of one hundred folks operating for the wonderful architectural model makers Raymond Lester Associates in the three years ahead of the opening of the 1964 World’s Fair. In organizing the model, Lester Associates referred to aerial pictures, insurance coverage maps, and a range of other City material the Panorama had to be exact, without a doubt the initial contract demanded significantly less than one particular % margin of error between reality and the model. The Panorama was 1 of the most successful sights at the ‘64 Honest with a day-to-day common of one,400 people taking advantage of its 9 minute simulated helicopter ride close to the City.

Soon after the Fair the Panorama remained open to the public, its initially planned use as an urban organizing tool seemingly forgotten. Until finally 1970 all of the modifications in the City were accurately recreated in the model by Lester’s group. Right after 1970 really handful of changes have been produced until 1992, when again Lester Associates transformed in excess of 60,000 structures to deliver it up-to-date.

In the Spring of 2009 the Museum launched its Adopt-A-Developing plan with the set up of the Panorama’s newest addition, Citi Field, to continue for the ongoing care and upkeep of this beloved treasure.

The Queens Museum of Art has a system offering you the chance to “purchase” NYC true estate on The Panorama of the City of New York for as reduced as . To learn how you can turn into concerned click here.

We hope that you will consider time to enjoy the Panorama of the City of New York.

The Panorama of the City of New York is sponsored by the New York City Division of Cultural Affairs and New York State Assembly members Mike Gianaris, Mark Weprin, Audrey Pheffer, Nettie Mayersohn and Ivan Lafayette, The New York Mets Foundation and the supporters of the Adopt-A-Constructing Program.

View the winning photos from our Gala 2011 Panorama Picture Contest!

View pictures from our Gala 2011 Photograph booth, Could 12, 2011!

View images of the Panorama on its Flickr page

Add your own photos to our Panorama Flickr Group!

Quoting now from The Panorama segment in Wikipedia’s Queens Museum of Artwork post:

The best recognized everlasting exhibition at the Queens Museum is the Panorama of the City of New York which was commissioned by Robert Moses for the 1964 World’s Honest. A celebration of the City’s municipal infrastructure, this 9,335-square-foot (867.two&#160m2) architectural model involves each single constructing constructed before 1992 in all five boroughs that is a complete of 895,000 individual structures. The Panorama was created by a group of a hundred people doing work for the architectural model makers Raymond Lester Associates in the three years prior to the opening of the 1964 World’s Fair. The Panorama was one of the most profitable points of interest at the ’64 Honest with a day-to-day regular of 1,400 individuals taking benefit of its 9&#160minute simulated helicopter trip around the City. Soon after the Fair the Panorama remained open to the public and until 1970 all of the alterations in the City have been accurately recreated in the model by Lester’s team. Following 1970 very number of alterations have been created until finally 1992, when yet again Lester Associates was hired to update the model to coincide with the re-opening of the museum. The model makers modified more than 60,000 structures to bring it up-to-date.

In March 2009 the museum announced the intention to update the panorama on an ongoing basis. To raise funds and draw public focus the museum will let individuals and developers to have correct models produced of buildings newer than the 1992 update designed and additional in exchange for a donation. Precise versions of smaller apartment buildings and personal properties, now represented by generic designs, can also be added. The twin towers of the World Trade Center will be replaced when the new buildings are designed, the museum has chosen to allow them to continue to be until finally development is total rather than representing an empty hole. The very first new buildings to be added was the new Citi Discipline stadium of the New York Mets. The model of the outdated Shea Stadium will carry on to be displayed elsewhere in the museum.

Quoting now from the explanatory signal at the exhibit:


The Panorama of the City of New York, the world’s greatest scale model of its time, was the creation of Robert Moses and Raymond Lester. Presented in the New York City Pavilion as the city’s premiere exhibit at the 1964/65 New York World’s Fair, it was intended afterwards to serve as an urban organizing instrument. Visitors skilled the Panorama from a simulated “helicopter” ride that travelled around perimeter or from a glass-enclosed balcony on the 2nd floor, even though news commentator Lowell Thomas offered audio commentary on “The City of Opportunity.” A single of the “helicopter” vehicles is now on view in the Museum’s everlasting exhibition, A Panoramic See: A History of the New York City Creating and Flushing Meadows Corona Park.

Constructed at the Lester Associates workshop in Westchester, New York, the Panorama includes 273 separate sections, many of which are 4-by-10-foot rectangular panels. They are composed of Formica flakeboard topped with urethane foam slabs from which the typography was carved. Lester Associates’ staff consulted geological survey maps, aerial pictures, and books of City insurance maps, to accurately render the City’s streets, highways, parks, and buildings. When the Panorama’s modules have been completed at Lester Associates’ workshop, they were assembled on site in the New York City Developing. It took more than a hundred staff, 3 years to full the model.

Created on a sale of one:one,200 (one inch equals a hundred feet), the Panorama occupies 9.335 square feet and accurately replicates New York City like all 320 square miles of its 5 boroughs and 771 miles of shoreline, as nicely as the created environment. It consists of miniature vehicles, boats, and an airplane landing and taking off at LaGuardia Airport.

The vast majority of the City’s buildings are presented by standardized model units created from wood and acrylic. Of more than 895,000 personal structures, 25,000 are customized-manufactured to approximate landmarks such as skyscrapers, big factories, colleges, museums, and significant churches. The sum of detail attainable on most buildings is limited at a scale of one inch to a hundred feet, the model of the Empire State Building measures only 15 inches. The most accurate structures on the Panorama are its 35 main bridges, which are finely manufactured of brass and shaped by a chemical milling method.

The model is shade coded to indicate numerous kinds of land use. The dark green regions are parks. Parkways are also edged in dark green. Mint green sections are related to transportation including train and bus terminals. The pink rectangles that dot the City demonstrate the areas of recreational places such as playgrounds and tennis and basketball courts. Clusters of red buildings are indicative of publicly subsidized housing.

Red, blue, green, yellow, and white colored lights were installed on the surface of the Panorama in 1964 to identify structures housing City agencies relating to safety, training, wellness, recreation, commerce, welfare, and transportation. Overhead lights have been designed to run in a dawn to dusk cycle, and the nighttime effect is enhanced by ultraviolet paint, illuminated by blacklight.

In 1992, the City began a renovation of the Queens Museum of Artwork and the Panorama. Using their authentic techniques, Lester Associates updated the Panorama with 60,000 adjustments. In the present instalation, made by Rafael Viñoly Architects, visitors comply with the program of the unique “helicopter” ride on an ascending ramp that permits them to experience the Panorama of the City of New York from Several Perspectives.

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